Less than 3% of the United States labor force works in farming or farming-related occupations, yet that small percentage of the American population feeds most of the population of the country with a lot of surplus to export to feed other parts of the world.
This is in stark contrast to life in the Middle Ages. It is estimated that between 80 to 90% of Europe’s population lived on the land and devoted all their time to the production of food. The remaining 10 to 20% of the population was engaged in various small and relatively simple trades and crafts in the towns, providing personal services to the nobility, or were Catholic Church clergy.
Throughout most of Medieval Europe, agriculture was organized around the manorial system. The local social units revolved around the residence of the “Lord,” who owned all the land and ruled over its use and the people…
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